From KTVB7, December 17, 2021, by Tristan Lewis.
Conversations surrounding free all-day kindergarten, the benefits behind it and how lawmakers want it paid for are starting up once again, as the 2022 legislative session is just weeks away.
“Really, this isn’t new,” District 18 Sen. Janie Ward-Engelking, D-Boise, said. “This is a bill I’ve been working on for nine years.”
Ward-Engelking worked as a teacher for 33 years before retiring. When it comes to kindergarten programs in the state of Idaho, she described it as a “mixed bag” and believes that’s why there are problems.
Kindergarten programs vary by district. Several have passed property tax levies to fund all-day programs, while others offer optional all-day learning programs for which participating families must pay monthly tuition.
Some school districts will only enroll students into all-day kindergarten when they are considered “at-risk.” Ward-Engelking said “at-risk” students are children who score below a certain level, and the school will use their literacy money to fund their all-day kindergarten program.
“What’s happening then is we have children that are receiving full-day, optional kindergarten and we have children that aren’t, either because they can’t afford it or they can’t afford to transport,” Ward-Engelking said. She added there could be parents and families who are able to pay for full-day learning, but they may not have busing.
In her eyes, it’s become a fairness issue.
“We want kids to have a uniform, thorough education, and it’s not uniform if some kids get it and some kids don’t,” Ward-Engelking said.
A study from Bluum, a nonprofit education organization in Idaho, shows data from Fall 2020 to Spring 2021 that full-day kindergartners made more progress than partial-day students. All-day students’ Idaho Reading Indicator (IRI) scores at first were in the 46th percentile and ended in the 52nd percentile, whereas half-day students began the study in the 54th percentile and ended in the 52nd percentile.
“We saw that the students who take full-day kindergarten catch up during that kindergarten year and have more support than the students that have partial kindergarten,” Preston Faulk, a senior analytics consultant for public impact explained on a media briefing Thursday. “It pays off in terms of them catching up to that gap that’s there before.”